Optimization of Delay Using Killer Whale Algorithm (KWA) on NB-IoT


  • Muhammad Abdullah Hadi Esa Unggul University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Agung Mulyo Widodo Esa Unggul University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Gerry Firmansyah Esa Unggul University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Habibullah Akbar Esa Unggul University, Jakarta, Indonesia




NB-IoT, QoS, Optimization, Killer Whale Algorithm, LPWA


Abstract: NB-IoT is designed to connect IoT devices with low-power, wide-area coverage and efficient costs.  Ensuring optimal data transmission delay is a challenge in NB-IoT implementation. Inadequate coverage can hinder IoT adoption. Optimization balances energy saving and delay trade-off. The Killer Whale Algorithm (KWA) optimizes delay by adjusting repetition variables. KWA addresses dimensions, variable limits. Applying KWA in NB-IoT optimizes transmission, enhancing QoS. Optimizing delay involves reducing latency in uplink data transmission using repetition variables. This study applies KWA to optimize NB-IoT delay. Analysis in Table 4 shows non-linear repetition-distance correlation. Interestingly, delay outcomes exhibit a contrasting relationship. Still, delay remains advantageous, remaining under 1 second even at 10 km, specifically 9.2674 ms (0.0092674 seconds). This thesis aims to optimize delay in NB-IoT network transmission using the Killer Whale Algorithm (KWA), crucial for modern communication networks and IoT applications. Leveraging KWA, the research identifies solutions to reduce transmission delay, enhancing efficiency and meeting IoT communication demands for speed and timeliness

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How to Cite

Hadi, M. A. ., Widodo, A. M. ., Firmansyah, G. ., & Akbar, H. . (2023). Optimization of Delay Using Killer Whale Algorithm (KWA) on NB-IoT. Sinkron : Jurnal Dan Penelitian Teknik Informatika, 8(4), 2450-2457. https://doi.org/10.33395/sinkron.v8i4.12933