Detection And Classification of Citrus Diseases Based on A Combination of Features Using the Densenet-169 Model
Keywords:Citrus Disease, Classification, CNN, DenseNet, Feature Combination
This research is motivated by the urgent need to improve the capability of detecting diseases in citrus plants, which play a crucial role in maintaining agricultural sector productivity. Diseases such as blackspot, canker, and greening can have a serious impact on harvest yields and overall plant health. Therefore, this research aims to enhance the accuracy in classifying diseases in citrus plants by applying a Deep Learning approach. In this study, we chose to adopt the DenseNet-169 architecture and conducted experiments with two different scenarios: one using original features and the other using a combination of features. This method was employed to classify four different classes, namely blackspot, canker, greening, and healthy plants, using an LDI dataset consisting of 3,000 images. This dataset was divided into three parts, namely training, testing, and validation sets. The experimental results indicate that the DenseNet-169 model with the use of feature combination achieved the highest accuracy rate at 96.66%, whereas the model using only original features achieved 91.33%. This significant improvement of 5.33% in accuracy provides strong evidence that the feature combination approach has a highly meaningful positive impact on the model's ability to identify and classify diseases in citrus plants. These findings confirm that the use of feature combinations is a highly effective strategy in improving the model's performance in disease classification tasks in citrus plants.
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Copyright (c) 2023 M. Haikal Firdaus, Ema Utami, Dhani Ariatmanto
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